Events and Experiences That Lead To The Increase In Terrorism
The world is facing an increase in terrorism. More cases are being reported of attempted attacks or attacks. Some of the major impacts include loss of lives and damage to the economy. Some factors are causing an increase in it. These include the use of social media and the availability of finances among others. Better measures are required to prevent and save society from this.
Why Is Terrorism Increasing?
- Use of social media
Social media is easy to use and affordable. It is easy to spread messages. Again, it is also easy to reach more people. It is possible to reach a message to billions of people across the world. This is considering that 75% of the world population uses it. This makes it easy for them to spread their lies. Groups such as Jihadists are known to use Facebook and Twitter to communicate to the world. For example, they release videos through these platforms.
To attract more people, they have a permanent presence in social media. They create groups related to their websites. This means that the gap between them is reduced. They start by making friends people who sympathize with them. Then, they start with their anti government views. The information starts flowing from leaders’ websites to those who sympathize with them. As the flow of information continues, the people sympathize with them are join these groups. Eventually, one is vetted and accepted into the the group.
By using social media platforms, these groups have continued to grow. This is made able by the free flow of information allowed by these platforms. Such networks and states must counter this strategy to reduce its increase.
- Experiences of Deprivation and Inequality
People compare their economic status with those of other groups in society. For example, the minority may check their economic status by looking at that of the majority. When theirs is very low, they start being frustrated. This can lead to collective actions. For example, such people can engage in peaceful protests. But they can also engage in violent protests. They take advantage of the situation to recruit people. They influence them to use violence to counter lack of fairness. Alternatively, the group changes into a group of terrorists.
It also has an indirect link to terrorism. It may worsen some social conditions that can increase it. For example, it may lead to poor decisions. This means poor health and education. As a result, the poor may not afford these services. With the such status, people may result in extreme violence. Some people have joined these groups because of poor living conditions.
- Availability of tools and finances
Another thing increasing terrorism is the availability of tools and finances. The groups cannot survive without these tools. They need skilled people for good strategies. Either, they need a lot of finances to carry out their plans. They need access to certain materials that are difficult to get. For example, they need materials to make explosives. In short, they need a lot of resources to survive. Such inputs have become highly available within wealthy countries.
- White supremacy and rightwing extremism
In the US, the above have caused such increase. Reports show that more than half of the attacks in 2020 were by these two groups. Most of the attacks targeted protesters. This poses a greater threat to US citizens and the world in general.
How Does Terrorism Impact The World?
- Loss of lives
One key impact is the loss of lives. In 2020 alone, hundreds of people died from the attacks worldwide. For example, people have lost their lives in Niger, Yemen, Nigeria, Chad, Germany, the US, and Austria among other states.
- Destruction of the economy
Most attacks damage properties worth millions of dollars. For example, they destroy machines, factories, and business centers. These inputs create a lot of income. The economy is badly affected when they are lost. This includes the death of active workers.
It also affects the economy by creating uncertainty in markets. Tourism also affects the economy. This is one of the most shaky industries. This is because many people will not visit places after such attacks. The problem is that tourism plays a key role in boosting economies.
Strategies To stop Terrorism
- Stop radicalization
This is the first step to prevent it. Tools such as social media should control the flow of information. For example, the platforms should be made to delete terrorism content immediately after receiving an order. This would reduce any contact between them. Governments should also promote fairness to reduce frustrations. Such people engage in extreme violence. Put away such individuals from the community. Governments should educate people about its effects. Also, states should put measures to fight it.
- Reducing the availability of resources
The groups depend on resources such as finances to work. States should try and to stop the funding. This may include taking up criminal assets.
- Working with other nations
Sharing information on their activities can help in countering it. This may require working with other states. The can also help identify better ways.